Zakat Fitrah is also known as Zakat of Ramadan or Zakat Fitri.
Zakat Fitrah was decreed in the second year of Hijrah, the same year that fasting in Ramadan was made obligatory. It is prescribed as a means of purification for the person who fasts, redressing wrong deeds and undesirable characteristics performed during fasting.
However, Zakat Fitrah is primarily meant as a relief aid for the poor and needy. 100 per cent of Zakat Fitrah collection during Ramadan is disbursed to the underprivileged and vulnerable Muslim families in Singapore.
The disbursement comes in several forms including Ramadan bonus, gift hampers, and Hari Raya goodies.
CONDITIONS FOR ZAKAT FITRAH
Zakat Fitrah is an obligation on the person and his dependants such as his wife, children who have not reached maturity, and parents.
If one is unable to pay for himself and/or his dependants due to certain difficulties, his dependants may pay for them and/or for him with his permission.
What is important is that Zakat Fitrah payment has been made for every individual.
Zakat Fitrah Rates
The Zakat Fitrah rate that is obligatory on every person is one sa’ or 2.3kg of the staple local food. In Singapore, the staple food is rice.
Since 2005, Muis has introduced a two-tier Zakat Fitrah rate. This is in accordance with the Syari’ah and allows the payer to choose the rate that is most suitable for them based on their daily consumption.